Old City: The history of Old City goes back to ancient times. The city is full of different historic monuments, including Synig Gala Minaret (XI century), the fortress walls (XI-XII centuries), Haji Gayib Bathhouse (XV century) and many others. Old city, together with Maiden Tower and Shirvanshahs’ Palace, are considered as number 1 attraction for the visitors. The three monuments became the first location in Azerbaijan to be classified as the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Maiden Tower: Maiden Tower (XII century), which is used as a shelter during the wars, now operates as a museum. The tower is also listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Maiden Tower is the historic symbol of Azerbaijan.
Shirvanshahs’ Palace: Shirvanshahs’ Palace is another masterpiece of Azerbaijani architects. The palace is the biggest monument on Absheron. Similar to other monuments, the Palace is included to the list of World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Gobustan Historical Reserve: The archaeological site of Gobustan is very rich with monuments. The reserve has more than 6,000 rock engravings dating back between 5,000 – 40,000 years. Visitors also view the remains of inhabited caves.
Ateshgah Temple: The Ateshgah Temple or the Fire Temple is located in Surakhani district of Baku. The pentagonal complex, which has a courtyard surrounded by cells for monks and a tetra pillar-altar in the middle were built during the 17th and 18th centuries. It was abandoned after 1883.
Upland Park: Baku’s Upland Park is the highest point in the Azerbaijani capital, opening a panoramic view of the city and its bay. The city’s residents and visitors often come here to see a bird’s eye view of Baku, and just have a walk. The Upland Park can be reached by cable railway (funicular) in 7-8 minutes from the boulevard or by climbing up the endless stone stairs.
The Qala Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum Complex is located in the open air to preserve the monuments in the territory of the Qala State History and Ethnography Museum and enriches the Preserve by collecting archaeological findings discovered in Absheron. Petroglyphs covering the period from the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. to the Middle Ages, gavaldash (tambourine stone), ceramics, domestic and adornment items, weapons and coins, conserved remnants of an ancient residential complex etc. discovered in the Absheron peninsula are demonstrated at the Complex.
Red Village: Located on the left bank of the Kudiyal River on the north-eastern part of the Big Caucasian mountains is the only community for the mountainous Jews in the territory of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Mountainous Jews had settled in the Caucasus more than two thousand years ago, and appeared on the Azerbaijan land only in the 5th century.
Khinalyg: Khinalyg is the oldest settlement in Azerbaijan on the height of 2100-2200 meters above sea level. The villagers call it Kyat and designate themselves as kyaty – direct descendants of the biblical Noah. Khinalyg is over 5,000 years old. For centuries, this village has been cut off from civilization by hard-to-reach mountains with dangerous rocky cliffs. Due to the isolation, its residents managed to preserve their unique language, not belonging to any language group, as well as traditions and customs found nowhere else.
Carpet Museum: Azerbaijan is a country of flying carpets. The different regional carpet schools are located in Azerbaijan. The Carpet Museum will give you the inspiration of differently designed carpets with different ornaments.